The Ancient Egyptians held a great reverence for the Jackal headed god Anubis, who oversaw the embalming and mummification process as well as escorting the deceased through the procedures for entering the underworld.
When the person arrived for judgment, they would first declare their purity before an assembly of gods including Osiris. the Ibis headed god Thoth was on hand to record the result of the judgment.
In the 'weighing of the heart' from the Book Of The Dead the heart of the dead person was balanced against the feather of Maat, or truth. If the heart was lighter than the feather the dead person was allowed to pass on into the underworld, but if it failed the test then the Eater of souls would devour the deceased.

Perhaps the most famous representation of Anubis was the imposing black model found atop a shrine discovered in the tomb of Tutankhamun.

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