The 4 Sons of Horus from the NMS

Several complete sets of artifacts in the form of the Four sons of Horus survive. The small figures shown here were wrapped with the removed internal organs to protect them in the afterlife. The set shown from the NMS is similar to the famous set in the British Museum

Canopic Jars were widely used for the preservation of the Internal Organs. The design went through various phases, starting with four human headed jars. The name Canopic from the town of Canopus, where human headed jars were worshiped as the personification of Osiris.

A later development, and perhaps the best known, was the use of jars with stoppers shaped to represent the Four sons of Horus. The set shown here are of that type.

All objects photographed here are from the collection of the National Museums of Scotland.

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