Quick facts about Archimedes

BornAbout 287 BC in Syracuse, Sicily. At the time Syracuse was an independent Greek city-state with a 500-year history.
Died212 or 211 BC in Syracuse when it was being sacked by a Roman army. He was killed by a Roman soldier who did not know who he was.
EducationProbably studied in Alexandria, Egypt, under the followers of Euclid.
FamilyHis father was an astronomer named Phidias and he was probably related to Hieron II, the king of Syracuse. It is not known whether he was married or had any children.
InventionsMany war machines used in the defense of Syracuse, compound pulley systems, planetarium, water screw (possibly), water organ (possibly), burning mirrors (very unlikely).
Fields of
Hydrostatics, static mechanics, pycnometry (the measurement of the volume or density of an object). He is called the “father of integral calculus” and also the “father of mathematical physics”.
On plane equilibriums, Quadrature of the parabola, On the sphere and cylinder, On spirals, On conoids and spheroids, On floating bodies, Measurement of a circle, The Sandreckoner, On the method of mechanical problems.
Place in
Generally regarded as the greatest mathematician and scientist of antiquity and one of the three greatest mathematicians of all time (together with Isaac Newton(English 1643-1727) and Carl Friedrich Gauss(German 1777-1855)).
A statue in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples (Naples, Italy) widely claimed to represent Archimedes. It actually is a bust of Archidamos III, a
fourth-century BC king of Sparta.

This section is a virtual book about Archimedes, who is widely regarded as the greatest mathematician and scientist in antiquity. Here I have compiled knowledge about Archimedes’ inventions, the numerous fields of science and mathematics he created, discussions of many of his finished works—and my own research that extends and applies Archimedean principles to 21st century problems. I created this section in 1995, and it has been under continual development and expansion since then.

You Might Also Like:


DefinitionLiterary StyleSynoptic GospelsSynoptic ProblemThe ProblemProposed SolutionsTheory of Mutual DependenceTheory of Documentary HypothesisTheory of Oral TraditionEclectic ViewWhy SimilaritiesWhy Diferences?Definition The Term Gospel comes from an old Anglo-Saxon word godespel meaning God's tid...
Read More


37 B.C.–4 B.C. - The reign of Herod I, a Roman client king of Israel27 B.C.-14 A.D. - The reign of Caesar Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empirec. 6 B.C. - The birth of Jesus26-36 A.D. - Pontius Pilate the Prefect of the Roman Empire's Judaea Provincec. 30-33 - The death and resurrection o...
Read More


Description The term miracle is a general term used to describe extraordinary workings of God in the world during certain times of man's history. However there are several terms used in Greek and Hebrew to describe what is commonly called miracle. Miracles of Jesus Miracles of Elisha Marvellous Work...
Read More

The New Testament

Included here are articles that deal with aspects of specific New Testament Books or passages, but does not include Lectionary Commentary articles. For more general articles on the New Testament, see Bible Topics, Issues in Biblical Interpretation, Biblical Theology, The Bible in the Church, and Hi...
Read More

Fonts for Biblical Studies

Free Unicode fonts and keyboards Unicode fonts are now becoming standard, and they are easy to use with the free Tyndale Unicode Font Kit. Almost all word processors now support unicode - with the notable exceptions of Word Perfect on the PC and Word on the Mac before Word 2004. If you use Windows 9...
Read More

Korean Fonts

Mac Korean Mac Korean is a bit-mapped suitcase that contains the fonts named Inchon, KSL, Pusan and Seoul. With these fonts you can write in Korean without the Korean Language Kit or HanTalk. [Thanks to S. Todd Stubbs and Sol Yang Hwan of BYU for the instructions included with these fonts.] Downloa...
Read More

Hebrew Fonts

BST Hebrew (16 KB; ttf).David New Hebrew (14 KB; ttf).Dor (46 KB; ttf).ElroNet (Monospace and Proportional) (30 KB; ttf).Gideon-Medium (19 KB; ttf).Hadasah (19 KB; ttf).Hebrew (38 KB; ttf).Hebrew Bold, Italic, Bold Italic (61 KB; ttf).Hebrew Parse (26 KB; ttf).Hebrew Regular (36 KB; ttf, afm).Hebrew...
Read More

The Copper Scroll (3Q15)

Column 1 In the ruins which are in the Valley of Achor, under the steps which go eastward, forty rod-cubits: a strongbox of silver and its vessels - a weight of seventeen talents. KEN in the sepulchre of Ben Rabbah the Third: 100 ingots of gold. In the big cistern in the court of the peristyle, in a...
Read More


The Book of Secrets 1Q27, 4Q299-301 4Q301 F1 (...) I shall speak out freely, and I shall express my various sayings among you (...) (.. those who would understand parables and riddles, and those who would penetrate the origins of knowledge, along with those who hold fast to the wonderful mysteries ....
Read More

A Baptismal Liturgy (4Q414)

The present work was evidently intended to govern a ritual of baptism or ablutions. A sectarian text by virtue of its mention of the Yachad, this liturgy may have operated during the ritual washings that are discussed in the Charter (see text 5, 3:4-9; 4:21; 5:13b-14). The Liturgy's distinctive form...
Read More

Chart of Archaeological Periods related image
Read More

Chart of Archaeological Periods

The chart of archaeological periods is a system used by archaeologists to classify the different stages of human history. It is based on the development of human technology, such as the use of stone, metal, and pottery. The chart is divided into three main periods: the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and...
Read More