A Brief Timeline Of The Celtic People

c. 1400 BCE

The beginning of Celtic culture in the upper Danube region of central Europe.

c. 1200 BCE - c. 450 BCE

Widest date range accepted by scholars for the Hallstatt culture in central Europe.

c. 900 BCE

Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.

c. 800 BCE - c. 600 BCE

The Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture is at its peak in central Europe.

c. 700 BCE

Iron Age begins in Scotland.

600 BCE

Celts settle Iberia.

c. 600 BCE

The Hirschlanden Warrior, a sandstone representation of a Celtic Warrior from Ludwigsburg, Germany, is made.

550 BCE - 500 BCE

The creation of the Hallstatt culture Horchdorf burial in southern Germany.

c. 500 BCE

The creation of the Hallstatt culture Vix burial in northeast France.

c. 475 BCE

Celts defeat the Etruscans at the Ticino River.

c. 450 BCE - c. 50 BCE

Period of the La Tène culture in northern/western/central Europe.

c. 450 BCE

The La Tène culture replaces the Hallstatt culture as the dominant regional culture in central Europe.

400 BCE

Celts enter Italy and settle in the Po Valley.

396 BCE

Celts defeat an Etruscan army at the battle of Melpum. Afterwards the Celts heavily settle all over the Po Valley.

391 BCE

Senones besiege Clusium, an Etruscan city.

c. 390 BCE

"Gallic Catastrophe:" Brennus of the Senones defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome.

380 BCE

Celtic groups, possibly from northern Italy and the eastern Alps, begin to raid Illyrian territories.

367 BCE

Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.

367 BCE

Livy mentions Celtic armies in Ancona and one such group moves against Rome once more.

335 BCE

Alexander the Great receives Celtic ambassadors in the Balkans.

334 BCE

Rome signs a peace treaty with the Senones tribe.

323 BCE

Alexander the Great receives Celtic delegations in Babylon.

297 BCE

Celts and Samnites join forces and defeat the Romans at Camertium.

c. 295 BCE

In a battle lasting all day, Romans narrowly defeat a force of Celts and Samnites at Sentinum.

285 BCE - 282 BCE

Rome defeats the Celts in Italy. Rome's dominance in central Italy is secured.

285 BCE

Roman forces heavily defeat the Senones at Lake Vadimo.

284 BCE

Gauls of the Insubres and Boii tribes defeat the Romans at Arretium.

283 BCE

Rome decisively defeats the Senones at Picenum.

283 BCE

Romans defeat the Etruscans and Celts at lake Vadimo.

282 BCE

A Celtic army with many youth among their ranks is again defeated by Romans.

280 BCE

Celts join with Pyrrhus, aiding in his victory over the Romans at Heraclea.

279 BCE

Celts invade Thrace and Anatolia.

279 BCE

Celts stay with Pyrrhus and fight in the Epirote army at Asculum, a victory over the Romans.

279 BCE

Gauls attack the sanctuary of Delphi.

277 BCE - 276 BCE

4,000 Celts are employed in Egypt under Ptolemy II.

275 BCE

Seleucids successfully defeat the Galatian Celts in the 'Elephant Battle'.

c. 263 BCE

Antaros and 3000 Celts fight with Carthage in the First Punic War.

261 BCE

Antiochus I Soter of the Seleucid Empire killed in battle against the Galatians at Ephesus in Asia Minor.

c. 260 BCE

Timaeos is the first to use the term 'Celtiberian' when refering to Celts living in Iberia.

259 BCE

Celts in Egypt fail to overthrow Ptolemy II and are starved to death on an island.

c. 237 BCE - 241 BCE

Attalus I of Pergamon defeats the Galatians at the headwaters of the Caioc River.

232 BCE

Attalos I defeats the Galatians a second time.

225 BCE

Two Roman armies surround and defeat a Celtic army at Telamon.

225 BCE

Celts defeat 6000 Romans at Faesulae and proceed to overrun Etruria.

223 BCE

Romans successfully campaign against Celtic tribes of Cisalpine Gaul.

222 BCE

The Celts are defeated at Clastidium by Roman forces.

218 BCE

The Aegosages Celts enter Anatolia under Attalos of Pergamon.

217 BCE

14,000 Celts serve under Ptolemy IV in his victory at Raphia over the Seleucid King Antiochus III.

c. 217 BCE - 218 BCE

30,000 Celtic infantry and 4,000 Celtic cavalry join Hannibal. Celts constitute just over 50% of his army in Italy.

217 BCE

Prusias of Bithynia in Asia Minor massacres the Aegosages including the women and children.

c. 215 BCE - c. 216 BCE

The Boii crush a Roman army 25,000 strong at Litana. Victory was, in part, achieved by pushing precariously cut trees down atop the horrified Romans as they marched.

212 BCE

The Celtic kingdom of Tylis in Thrace is overthrown by native Thracians. Cavaros is the last ruler of the small kingdom.

200 BCE - 100 BCE

Oppida (Celtic fortified tribal centers) were constructed in Iron Age Europe

c. 200 BCE

Iron in the Celtic world experiences a significant boom. Iron manufacturing increase in all facets of life such as weapon construction and agriculture items.

193 BCE

The Boii are defeated by the Romans, suffering, according to Livy, 14,000 dead.

137 BCE

4,000 Celtiberians trap a force of 20,000 Romans at Numantia forcing their surrender.

133 BCE

Numantia falls to the Romans who besiege the oppidum. Mass suicide ensues among many of the survivors. Land reforms by Tiberius Gracchus.

125 BCE

Rome intervenes on behalf of Massalia against the Saluvii Celts.

106 BCE

The governor of the Roman province of Macedonia, M. Minucius Rufus, celebrates his victory over a raid of the Dacians allied with the Celtic tribe of the Scordiscii in the Balkans.

82 BCE - 46 BCE

Life of Vercingetorix.

64 BCE

Galatia becomes a client state of Rome.

c. 60 BCE

Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.

58 BCE - 51 BCE

Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul.

58 BCE

Caesar attacks the Helvetii while on migration and defeats them.

57 BCE

A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.

56 BCE

The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.

54 BCE - 53 BCE

Ambiorix of the Eburones tribe destroys around 9,000 Roman soldiers at Atuatuca.

52 BCE

Julius Caesar is defeated at Gergovia by Vercingetorix.

52 BCE

After becoming trapped and besieged at Alesia, Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar.

52 BCE

Caesar sacks the city of Avaricum.

c. 51 BCE - c. 30 BCE

300 Celts serve as elite bodyguards for Cleopatra VII during her reign.

51 BCE

Caesar's siege and capture of Uxellodunum ends the Gallic War.

46 BCE

The Bellovaci unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule in Belgica.

44 BCE

The Allobroges unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule in southern Gaul.

33 BCE

The Belgic Morini and the Celts of Aquitania unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule.


At the funeral of Herod II, his Celtic bodyguards are in attendance.

59 CE

The druid centre on Anglesey is systematically attacked by a Roman army.

60 CE - 61 CE

Boudicca revolts, the Legio II Augusta does not respond to a call to arms.

c. 1100 CE

The Lebor Gabála Erenn ('Book of invasions') recounts, through tales of mythology, the ancient and medieval history of Ireland.

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