Conquest by Hyksos and Egyptian Expansion to Ramses II
Eventually, like previous dynasties, the Twelfth Dynasty fell. And the Thirteenth Dynasty, at Memphis, waned across its 150 years of rule and fell with what by now was an old phenomenon: invasion by a foreign army, around the year 1650 BCE.
Welcome to the ideal place to start exploring the wonders of the Ancient Egypt. Find out all about this amazing culture, and learn about the gods they worshiped, the Pharaohs that ruled and the tombs and statues they left behind.
find out about Tutankhamun, Akhenaten and the other celebrities of t...
Ancient Egypt had its origin in the course of the Nile River. It reached three periods of great pharaonic splendor: the Ancient Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom.
Ancient Egypt map domain stretched from the delta of the Nile in the north, to Elephantine Island, where is the first catar...
Mummy and Coffin of Meresamun
Cartonnage, pigment, human remainsThird Intermediate Period, Dynasty 22, ca. 946-712 B.C.Purchased in Luxor, 1920OIM 10797
This colorful cartonnage mummy case, which still contains the mummy of an ancient Egyptian woman, is inscribed with the name Meresamun ("She lives ...
The Early Dynastic Period -0 : 1 : 2 :
The Old Kingdom -3 : 4 : 5 : 6 :
The First Intermediate Period -7+8 : 9+10 :
The Middle Kingdom -11 : 12 :
The Second Intermediate Period -13 : 14 : 15 : 16 : 17 :
The New Kingdom -18 : 19 : 20 :
The Third Intermediate Period -High Priests (Thebes) : 21 : 22 : ...
Interesting facts and information about the mummification process.
The mummy shown here dates from the Roman Period. It has a distinctive painting inlaid into the head part, and is intricately bandaged and studded. The feet are molded in gold painted plaster, which is typical of the period.
The god Thoth was worshiped in the form of an Ibis, and is often shown in human form with the unusual head of that bird.
Thoth was primarily thought to be the god of wisdom. He was patron of arts and science and also the patron god of scribes. He was the inventor of the words of god, or Hieroglyphs...
The Ancient Egyptians held a great reverence for the Jackal headed god Anubis, who oversaw the embalming and mummification process as well as escorting the deceased through the procedures for entering the underworld.When the person arrived for judgment, they would first declare their purity before...
Symbolism in Architecture
The Window of Appearance
The Temple Palace of Rameses III at Medinet Habu 1175 BC
The window, situated at the centre of the eastern face of this palace, has a set of stairs behind it descending into a columned hall. Rameses III would come through this hall a...
The following is a list of various important rulers and events that occurred during their reign. All dates are BC, unless otherwise stated.Predynastic Period (c.5000-31000 BC)
c.3400: The kingdom of the Red Land is established in the north, White Land in the south; they are ruled concurrently under ...
Ismail's Bold Experiment
The unusual but nonetheless true tale of 50 U.S. citizens(mostly veterans of the late War of Secession)who donned the uniform of Egypt in the service of Khedive Ismail.
They explored the African continent.Some helped build the Statue of Liberty.This is their story.
Egypt had a unique perspective on America’s Civil War. The Union blockade and the Confederacy’s own policy of withholding cotton from export dried up supply, so Europeans turned to Egypt’s cotton as a substitute. Overnight, vast sums of money energized the Egyptian economy. The Khedive Ismail (righ...
In 1868, Thaddeus Mott (right), a Union colonel and a favorite of the Turkish court, met Ismail in Constantinople. He impressed the Khedive, and was soon commissioned as a major general in the Egyptian army. Mott quickly convinced Ismail to add more American veterans to the Egyptian staff. With the...
1859American colonel William Loring travels to Europe, the Middle East and Egypt. He meets Egypt’s ruler, Saïd. Construction begins on the Suez Canal.1861The American Civil War begins. Egyptian cotton exports begin to skyrocket.1862Saïd dies; Ismail becomes Viceroy of Egypt.1865The Civil War ends. B...
Charles Chaillé-Long was a fascinating man. A captain in the Maryland Volunteers with no battle experience, he entered the service of the Khedive as a lieutenant colonel. For four years, he was moved from post to post, but used his time to learn Arabic. Finally, an ideal situation presented itself:...