An Online Transcription of Dead Sea Scroll 1QS (The "Manual of Discipline")

This transcription made directly from the photographs by John C. Trever, published in Scrolls from Qumran Cave 1 (Jerusalem: The Albright Institute of Archaeological Research and the Shrine of the Book, 1974). To double-check my work I have used the transcription of Charlesworth, but except in a few cases where I adopted his readings (especially in cases of waw versus yod), this is an original transcription. In a couple of places I have disagreed with Charlesworth's readings, and have tried to note these where I felt it was necessary.

I have made little effort to fill in lacunae (gaps in the text where the parchment is broken or torn away); rather, I leave it to those using the transcription to make their own judgments about what may have been in these gaps. The one liberty I have taken: there are a few places in the scroll where two words run together with no separation. I have put word divisions in these places, and indicated them by inserting a tilde (~) in the space I supplied.

This is a work in progress, so check back often. I expect to be adding new columns every few days until the document is complete. Once the transcription is finished, I also hope to make it searchable. That, however, may take some time. For now, I hope that what is here is useful. I place no restrictions on its use or citation, except that I would ask you to footnote it if you use it in a published work.

Column 1

#wrdl dxyh k[ ] wyxl s2ymi1[ ]l
r#)k wynpl r#yhw 3pw+h tw#([ ]ci[ ]nil)
lwk bwh)lw My)ybnh wydb( lwk dybw h#wm~dyb hwc
(r lwkm qwxrl s)m r#) lwk t) )wn#lw wxb4 r#)
+p#mw hqdcw tm) tw#(lw bw+~y#(m lwkb qwbdlw
twnz~yny(w hm#) bl twryr#b~dw( tkll )wlw cr)b
l)~yqwx tw#(l Mybdnh lwk t) ybhlw (r lwk tw#(l
lwk Mymt wynpl klhthlw l) tc(b dxyhl dsx tyrbb
#y) rw) ynb lwk bwh)lw Mtwdw(t yd(wml twlgnh
wtm#)k #y) K#wx ynb lwk )wn#lw l) tc(b wlrwgk
Mxwkw Mt(d lwk w)yby wtm)l Mybdnh lwkw l) tmqnm
Nktl Mxwkw l) yqwx tm)b Mt(d rrbl l) dxyb Mnwhw
dx)~lwk~Mdw(cl5 )wlw wqdc tc(k Mnwh lwkw wykrd Mtk
dx)tihil )wlw Mhyt( Mdql )wlw Mhycqb l) yrbd lwkm
lw)m#w Nymy tkll wtm) yqwxm rwsl )wlw Mhyd(wm lwkm
tw#(l l) ynpl tyrbb wryb(y dxyh krsb My)bh lwkw
prcmw hmy)w dxp lwkm wrx)m bw#l )wlw hwc r#) lwkk
Mynhwkh wyhy tyrbb Mrbw(bw l(ylb tl#mmb mywsn
lwkw wtm) y#(m lwk t)w tw(w#y l) t) Mykrbm Myywlhw
Nm) Nm) Mhyrx) Myrmw) tyrbb Myrbw(h
Mytrwbg y#(mb l) twqdc t) Myrpsm Mynhwkhw
Myrpsm Myywlhw l)r#y l( Mymxr6 ydsx lwk M(ym#mw
tl#mmb Mt)+xw Mtm#) y(#p lwkw l)r#y ynb twnww( t)
wnyw(n rwm)l Mhyrx) Mydwm tyrbb Myrbw(hl[ ]l(ylb
wntk l[ ]b wnynplm wnytwbi[ ]wn) wn(#rh wn)[ ]
]tiwb)bw wnb w+p#m[ ]qiydcw tm)[ ]

1Charlesworth reads #, but the left stroke of every # in the document has a distinctive curvature to it. The visible stroke here is clearly vertical, and most resembles that of a m. Return

2 Charlesworth reads m. However, the letter in question has very clear "ears" on both top corners, a shape that is more consistent with this scribe's s than his m. Return

3Charlesworth and virtually all others transcribe as bw+h. This is probably what the scribe intended to write. However, the last letter clearly lacks the initial top stroke characteristic of beth, and has the distinctive inward curve of the letter pe in this document. It seemed proper to me to transcribe the document as it stands, and leave emendations to the next phase of study. The only possible meaning I have been able to find for pw+h is something akin to "inundation," which does not fit the context at all. The coordination with r#yh makes it likely that bw+h is indeed what was intended. Return

4Charlesworth reads rxb, which is possible. There appears to be a crease in the material through the third letter, but the letters above and below this one do not show the narrowing that would be expected when compared with a truncated resh. On the other hand, the letter appears to have a small hook at the top that is consistent with this scribe's resh. So Either reading is possible. Return

5Charlesworth reads lwkb dw(cl. While much of the letter in question resembles a b, the vertical stroke closing the left side of the letter is very clear in the photo. It may be a correction or a slip of the pen, so either reading is possible. Return

6 There is a very odd stroke here that looks like a large, inverted "V". I have followed Charlesworth's reading here, but Mymxrw wdsx or even Mymxrw dsx appears equally possible. Return

Column 2

lwk t) Mykrbm Mynhwkhw Mlw( d(w Mlw(m wnyl( lm[ ] wdqx~ybxrw
lwkb hkkrby Myrmw)w wykrd lwkb Mymt Myklwhh l) lrwg y#n)
Mymlw( t(db hknwxyw Myyx lk#b hkbl r)yw (r lwkm hkrwm#yw bw+
y#n) lwk~ t) Myllqm Myywlhw Mymlw( Mwl#l hkl wydsx ynp )#yw
hknty hktm#) (#r~y#(m lwkb ht) rwr) wrm)w wn(w l(ylb lrwg
yml#m lwk dyb~hlk hkyrx) dwqpyw Mqn ymqwn lwk dyb hw(z l)
ht) Mw(zw hky#(m K#whk Mymxr Ny)l ht) rwr) Mylwmg
Kynww(~rpkl xlsy )wlw hk)rqb l) hknwxy )wl Mymlw( #) tlp)b
twb) yzxw) lwk ypb Mwl#i hkl hyhy )wlw hktmqnl wp) ynp )#y
Nm) Nm) Myllqmhw Mykrbmh rx) Myrmw) tyrbb Myrbw(h lwkw
rwb(l wbl ylwlgb rwr) wrm)w Myywlhw Mynhwkh wpyswhw
hyhw wb gwshl wynpl My#y wnww( ly#kmw twtx1 tyrbb )bh
yl yhy2 Mwl# rwm)l wbblb Krbtw twzh tyrbh yrbd t) w(mw#b
Ny)l hwwrh M( h)mch wmi3xr htpsnw kl) ybl twryr#b )yk
lwk wb wqbdw Mymlw( tlkl[]b wr(by w+p#m t)nqw l) p) hxyls
wgwshb rw) ynb lwk kwtm trknw h(rl l) wy4 wlydbyw twzh tyrbh twl)
Mymlw( yrwr) Kwtb wlrwg Nty wnww( lw#kmw wylwlgb l) yrx)m
Nm) Nm) Mhyrx) wrm)w wn(y tyrbh y)b lwkw
wrwb(y Mynhwkh l(ylb tl#mm ymwy lwk hn#b hn# w#(y hkk
Mhyrx) wrwb(y Myywlhw hz rx) hz Mtwxwr ypl krsb hnw#rb
tw)mw Mypl)l hz rx) hz krsb ty#yl#b wryb(y M(h lwkw
l) dxyb wdm(m tyb #y) l)r#y #y) lwk t(dl twr#(w My#mxw
wlrwg Mwqmm Mwry )wlw wdm(mi tybm #y) lp#y )wlw Mymlw( tc(l
qdc tb#xmw dsx tbh)[] bw+ twn(w tm) dxyb wyhy lwkh )yk
)wbl s)wmh lwkw Mymlw([l] dws ynbw #dwq tc(b wh(rl #[y)]
hl(g )yk wtm) dx[ ])wl wbl twryr#b tkll l[ ]

1Charlesworth reads twzh as in line 13, but the first two letters of this word look markedly different from those in line 13. The photograph clearly shows two lines close together between the letters I have identified as x and t; unless there is a flaw in the parchment that is invisible to the camera, these are two separate letters, not two parts of a single h. The letter Charlesworth identifies as z has a clearly-visible leftward hook at the bottom of it, and the stroke to the right of it curves over and joins it near its top, producing a letter that is virtually identi cal to the t at the end of the word.Return
2I have followed Charlesworth here, though the reading is questionable. The second yod in yhy actually appears to have a double stroke that makes it resemble a pinched h. There is also no gap between the yhy and yl. If yl yhy is not the correct reading, then it is something like ylhhw.Return
3There is an apparent crease in the parchment through this word. Charlesworth reads wxwr, but I believe this reading is strained. The r is clear, and the top of the next letter has a sharply-dipping U-shape. The rightmost downward stroke of this letter is very plain, and there appears to be one descending from the left side of the U-shaped top as well, which makes it a x. The th ird letter is questionable; if it is a mem, it is a very narrow one.Return
4Charlesworth reads a single word here, whlydbyw, but this appears to be a reconstruction rather than what actually seems to be visible on the manuscript. There is another crease or other bit of damage through the letter Charlesworth reads as h, but even so, if it is a he it is twice as wide as any other in the entire document. This scribe made his he's with a single top stroke, adding the downward strokes by lifting the pen before each one. The left leg of Charlesworth's h does not intersect the top horizontal mark as a separate stroke; this line was written with a rounded hook at the top that flows right into the d ownward stroke. I suspect that Charlesworth was trying to find a reading that makes sense, but if wy is an abbreviation of the Tetragrammaton, the reading makes sense even though it is unique in this document.Return

Column 3

b#xty )wl Myr#y M(w wyhi bw#ml qzx )wl qdc ytp#m t(d wrwsyb w#pn
Myl)wgw w#rxm (#r Nw)sb )yk dxy tc(b w)wby )wl wnwhw wxwkw wt(dw
Mymymt Ny(k rw) ykrdl +yby k#wxb wbl twryr# rwtmb qdcy )wlw wtbw#b
Mymyb #dqty )wlw hdn ymb rh+y )wlw Myrwpkb hkzy )wl b#xty )wl
y+p#mk ws)wm ymwy lwk hyhy)m+ )m+ cxr ym~lwkb rh+y )wlw twrhnw
lwk wrpwkw #y) ykrd l) tm) tc( xwrb )yk wtc( dxyb rsyth ytlbl l)
lwkm rh+y wtm)b dxyl h#wdq xwrbw Myyxh rw)b +ybhl wtwnww(
rh+y l) yqwx lwkl w#pn twn(bw wt+x rpwkt hwn(w r#wy xwrbw Mtnww(
Mymt tklhl wym(p Nykhyw wkyd ymb #dqthlw hdnymb twyhl wr#b
Ny)w lw)m#w Nymy dyml )wlw wytdw(t yd(wml hwc r#)k l) ykrd lwkb
tyrbl wlhtyhw l) ynpl xwxyn wrwpkb hcry w) wyrbd lwkm dx) l( dw(cl
Mymlw( dxy
#p) ynb lwk twdlwtb rw) ynb lwk t) dkllw Nybhl lyk#ml
M( Mhy(ygn tdwqplw Mtwrwdb Mhy#(ml Mtwtw)b Mtwxwr ynym lwkl
Mtb#hm lwk Nykh Mtyyh ynplw hyyhnw hyyh lwk tw(dh l)m Mmwl# ycq
wdyb tyn#hl Ny)w Mtlw(p y)lmw wdwbk tb#xmk Mtwdw(tl Mtyyhbw
tl#mml #wn) )rb h)whw Mhycpx lwkb Mlklkw h)yhw lwk ytp#m
twxwr hnh wtdwqp d(wm d( Mb klhthl twxwr yt# wl M#yw libt
ly(h twdlwt K#wx ryqmmw tm)h twdlwt rw) Nw(mk ly(hw tm)h
K)lm dybw wklhty rw) ykrdb qdc ynb lwk tl#mm Myrw) r# dyb
tw(t K#wx K)lmbw wklhty k#wx ykrdbw ly( ynb tl#mm lwk k#wx
l#mmb Mhy#(m y(#pw Mtm#)w Mtwnww(w Mt)+x lwkw qdc ynb lwk
wtm+#m tl#mmb Mtwrc yd(wmw Mhy(ygn lwkw wcq d( l) yzrypl
lwkl rw( wtm) k)lmw l)r#y l)w rw) ynb ly#khl wlrwg yxwr lwkw
h#(m lwk dsw Nyhyl(w k#wxw rw) twxwr )rb h)whw rw) ynb
lwkl l) bh) tx) hdi[ ]li[ ]Nhykrd l(w hdwb( lwk Nh[ ]

Column 4

xcnl )n# hykrd lwkw hdwm1 b(t tx) d(l hcry hytw twlyl( lwkbw Mymlw( d(
y+p#mb wbbl dxplw tm) qdc ykrd lwk wynpl r#ylw #y) bblb ry)hl lbtb Nhykrd hl)w
lwkb tnm)m hrwbg tmkxw hnybw lk#w Mymlw( bw+w Mymxr bwrw Myp) krw)w hyn( xwrw l)
tb#xmw qdc y+p#m t)nqw h#(m tb#xm lwkb t(d xwrw wdsx bwrb tn(#nw l) y#(m
tkl (nchw hdn ylwlg lwk b(tm dybk trh+w tm) ynb lwk~l( Mydsx bwrw kwms rcyb #dwq
)prml hb yklwh lwk tdwqpw lbt tm) ynbl xwr ydws hl) t(d~yzr tm)l )bxw lwk tmr(b
dwbk lylkw xcn yyxb Mymlw( txm#w d( twkrb lwk M( (rz twrpw Mymy krw)b Mwl# bwrw
Mymlw( rw)b rdh tdm M(
yrzk) hymrw #xk bbl Mwrw hwg rq#w (#r qdc tdwb(b Mydy lwp#w #pn bwxr hlw( xwrlw
h)m+ tdwb(b hdn ykrdw twnz xwrb hb(wt y#(m Nwdz t)nqw tlw) bwrw Myp) rwcq pnx bwrw
tdwqpw (wr tmr(w k#wx ykrd lwkb tkll bl dwbwkw prw( y#wq Nzw) dwbkw Myny( Nwrw( Mypwdg Nw#lw
tprxw xcn tw(zl tmqn2 l) trb( p)b Mymlw( tx#l lbx yk)lm lwk dyb My(wgn byrl hb yklwh lwk
d( k#wx twywhb Myrwrm t(rw Nwgyi lb)b Mtwrwdl Mhycq lwkw Myk#xm #)b hlk tmlk~m( d(
wml h+ylpw tyr# Ny)l Mtwlk
tlw(p lwkw wklhty Nhykrdbw Mtwrwdl Mtw)bc lwk wlxny Nhyiglpmbw #y) ynb lwk twdlwt~hl)b
cq d( dbb db Nm# l) )yk Mymlw( ycq lwkl +(yml bwr Nyb #y) tlxn ypl Nhyglpmb Mhy#(m
t)inqw tm) ykrd lwk hlw( tb(wtw hlw( twlyl( tm) tb(wt Mtwglpm Nyb Mlw( tby) Ntyw Nwrx)
d(wmbw hlw( twyhl cq Ntn wdwbk tmkxbw wlk# yzrb l)w wklhty dxy )wl )yk Nhy+p#m lwk l( byr
d( hlw( tl#mmb (#r ykrdb hllwgth )yk lbt tm) xcnl )ct z)w d(l hndym#y hdwqp
ymktm hlw( xwr lwk Mthl #y) ynb mwl qqzy rbg y#(m lwk wtm)b l) rrby z)w hcrxn +p#m d(wm
llwgthw rq# twb(wt lwkm hdn ymk tm) xwr wyl( zyw h(#r twlyl( lwkim #dwq xwrb wrh+lw wr#b
Mymlw( tyrbl l) rxb Mb )yk krd ymymt lyk#hl Mym# ynb tmkxw Nwyl( t(db Myr#y Nybhl hdn xwrb
rbg bblb lw(w tm) yxwr wbyry hnh d( hymr y#(m lwk t#wbl hyhw hlw( Ny)w Md) dwbk lwk Mhlw
Nkw wb (#ry lw( lrwgb wt#rykw hlw( )n#y lwkw qdcy tmi)ib #y) tlxn ypkw tlw)w hmkxb wklhty
ycq lwkl Nh y#(m tlw(p (dy h)whw h#dx tw#(w hcrxn cq d( l) Nm# dbb db )yk tm) b(ty
hdwqp[ ]b wxwr ypl yx lwkl twlrwg lyp[]li[ ]bw+ t(dl #y) ynbl Nlyxn yy[ ]

1Charlesworth reads hdws and in a footnote calls it an error for hdwm. However, the letter appears in the photograph to be a clear mem. This scribe's samek has a much flatter top, and the left "ear" on this letter has been made with a separate stroke, whereas the ears on this scribe's samek are normally made with a single stroke.Return
2Charlesworth reads h with the following footnote: "Originally twmqn; then erasure of w and curve of left leg of t to form h. Perhaps he can see an erasure on the t that I cannot. The problem with reading h is that, had the scribe been converting a t to a h he would have needed to extend the top stroke to the left beyond the allegedly altered left leg. This has not been done, and in the photograph the left leg still has a definite curvature to it. Erasure of an original w between m and t is possible, but it appears to me that the scribe retained the t. Return

Column 5

td(m ldbhl wnwcrl hwc r#) lwkk qyzxhlw (r lwkm bw#l Mybdntmh dxyh y#n)l krsh hzw
y#n) bwr yp l(w tyrbh yrmw# Mynhwkh qwdc ynb yp l( Mybw#mw Nwhbw hrwtb dxyl twyhl lw(h y#n)
hwn(w dxy tm) tw#(l +p#mlw Nwhlw hrwtl rbd lwkl lrwgh Nykt~)cy Mhyp l( tyrbb Myqzxmh dxyh
wbbl rx) tw(tl wbl twryr#b #y) kly )wl r#) Mhykrd lwkb tkl (nchw dsx tbh)w +p#mw hqdc
tyrb dxyl l)r#yl tm) dswm dsyl h#q prw(w rcy tlrw( dxyb lwml M))w wrcy tb#xmw whyny(w1
+p#mlw byrlw dxyl Mhyl( Mywlnhw l)r#yb tm)h tyblw Nwrh)b #dwql Mybdntmh lwkl rpkl Mlw(
dxyh tc(l )bh lwk dxyl Mps)hb hl)h Myqwxh lwk l( Mhykrd Nwkt hl)w qwx yrbw( lwk (y#rhl
lwkb hwc r#) lwkk h#wm trwt l) bw#l rs) t(wb#b w#pn l( Mqyw Mybdntmh lwk yny(l l) tyrbb )wby
Mtyrb y#n) bwrlw wnwcr y#rwdw tyrbh yrmw# Mynhwkh qwdc ynbl hnmm hlgnh lwkl #pn lwkbw bl
Myklwhh lw(h y#n) lwkm ldbhl w#pn l( tyrbb Mwqy r#)w wnwcrb klthlw wtm)l dxy Mybdntmh
w(t r#) twrtsnh t(dl whyqwxb wh#rd )wlw w#qb )wl )yk wtyrbb wb#xh )wl )yk h(#rh Krdb
My+p# Mb tw#(l tyrb twl)mi2 Mqn Mwqnlw +p#ml p) twl(l hmr dyb w#( twlgnhw hm# #)l Mb
wrh+y )wl )yk #dwqh y#n) trh+b t(gl Mymb )wby l) tyr# Ny)l Mlw( tlkl Mylwdg
wn)y#y Nip wnwhbw wtdwb(b wm( dxyy )wl r#)w wrbd yrbw( lwkb )m+ )yk Mt(rm wb# m)yk
y#n)m #y) bw#y )wl r#)w qxrt rq# rbd lwkm bwtk Nk )yk rbd lwkb wnmm qxry )yk hm#) Nww(
hmw)m lwk Mdym xqy )wlw ht#y )wlw lwk Mnwhm lkwy )wl r#)w +p#mw hrwt lwkl Mhyp l( dxyh
)yk h)wh b#xn hmb )yk wp)b hm#n r#) Md)h Nm Mkl wldx bwtk r#)k ryxmb )wl r#)
y#(m lwk l( #dwqh #y) N(#y )wlw Mhl r#) lwk t)w Mtw) lydbhl wtyrbb wb#xn )wl r#) lwk
hdnl Mhy#(m lwkw lbtm dym#y wrbd yc)nm lwkw wtyrb t) w(dy )wl r#) lwk lbh )yk lbh
w#rdw #dwq td(l dxyhl hl)h Myqwxh lwkk tw#(l tyrbb )wby )ykw Mnwh lwkb )m+w wynpl
Myqhl dxyb Mybdntmh Nwrh) ynb yp l( hrwtb wy#(mw wlk# ypl wh(rl #y) Nyb dxyb Mwxwr t)
wtyrbl dxyb bw#l Mybdntmh l)r#y b.r3 yp l(w tw#(l hwc r#) wyqwx lwk t) dwqplw wtyrb t)
twyhlw lwdgl N+qh wh(rl #y) lwkh (m#hl wy#(mw wlk# ypl wh(r ynpl #y) krsb Mbtkw
?xyhl4 wtwy(nk wrx)lw wkrd Mwtw wlk# ypl #y) twl(hl hn#b hn# Mhy#(mw Mxwr~t) Mdqwn
hnwltb w) p)b whyhy l) rbdy l) #y)l dsx tbh)w hwn(w [])b wh(r t) #y)
)wlw wnxykwy [wy]5mwyb )yk wbbl[ ]wh)n#y l)w (#r xwr [ ]prw(b w)

1Charlesworth reads yhwny(w, though I cannot see why. It may be a typographical or printer's error. Return
2Charlesworth reads twl)b; the photograph appears to show a closed letter that more resembles a mem. Return
3There is an erasure in the middle of this word. Charlesworth speculates either byr or bwr, but the remains of whatever letter was there are two dots, one well above and one well below the line of the other letters. I have indicated the two dots and let it go at that. Return
4This spot has been written over at least twice, and what is there is virtually indecipherable. There is a large x hanging above the line, and the rest of the letters below it are badly smudged. Return
5Two letters have been erased here; they appear to be wy, but this could be questioned. Return

Column 6

hl)b Myd( ynpl txkwtb )wl r#) Mybrh ynpl rbd wh(r l( #y) )yby l) Mgw Nww( wyl( )#y
wlk)wy dxyw Nwmmlw hk)lml lwdgl N+qh w(m#yw wh(r t) #y) )cmnh lwk Mhyrwgm lwkb wklhty
#y) Mt)m #my~l) dxyh tc(m My#n) hr#( M# hyhy r#) Mwqm lwkbw wc(wy dxyw wkrby dxyw
#wryth~w) lwk)l Nxlw#h wkwr(y )yk hyhw rbd lwkl Mtc(l wl)#y Nkw wynpl wb#y wnwktk #y)w Nhwk
hnw#rl wdy xl#y Nhwkh twt#l #wryth w) Mxlh ty#)rb Krbhl hnw#rl wdy xl#y Nhwkh twt#l
hlylw Mmwy hrwtb #rwd #y) hr#(h M# wyhy r#) Mwqmb #my l)w #wrythw Mxlh ty#)rb Krbhl
+p#m #wrdlw rpsb )wrql hn#h twlyl lwk ty#yl# t) dxyb wdwq#y Mybrhw wh(rl #y) twpy l( dymt
r)#w tyn#b Mynqzhw hnw#rl wb#y Mynhwkh wnwktb #y) Mybrh b#wml Krsh hzh dxyb Krblw
w(dm t) #y) by#hl Mybrl hyhy r#) rbdw hc( lwklw +p#ml wl)#y Nkw wnwktb #y) wb#y M(h lwk
bwtkh wnwkt ynpl rbdy l) Mgw rbdl whyx) hlky Mr+ wh(r yrbd Kwtb #y) rbdy~l) dxyh tc(l
#y)h )ykw Mybrh cphl )wl r#) rbdy lwk #y) rbd~l) Mybrh b#wmbw wrtb rbdy l)#nh #y)h wynpl
tc( t) l)w#h #y)h dm(mb )wl r#) Mybrl rbdl rbd wt) #y r#) #y) lwkw Mybrh l( rqbmh
l)r#ym bdntm hlwkw rbdy wl wrmwy m) Mybrl rbdl rbd yt) #y rm)w 1whylgr l( #y)h dm(w dxyh
wh)yby rswm gw#y2 M)w wy#(mlw wlk#l Mybrh #)wrb dwqph #y)h wh#rwdy dxyh tc( l( pyswhl
wl)#nw Mybrh ynpl dwm(l w)wbb rx)w dxyh w+p#m lwkb whnwhbw lw( lwkm rwslw tm)l bw#l tyrbb
trh+b (gy )wl dxyh tc(l wbrwqbw qxry~w) brqy Mybrh tc( l( lrwgh )cy r#)kw wyrbd l( lwkh
Mybrh Nwhb br(ty l) h)wh Mgw hmymt hn# wl t)lym d( w#(mw wxwrl wh#wrdy r#) d( Mybrh
lrwgh wl )cy M)w hrwtb wy#(mw wlk# ypl wyrbd l( Mybrh wl)#y dxyh kwtb hn# wl t)lwmbw
#y)h dy~l) wtk)lm t)w wnwh t) Mg wbrqy Mtyrb y#n) bwrw Mynhwkh yp~l( dxyh dwsl bwrql
d( Mybrh hq#mb (gy l) wn)yciwy )wl Mybrh l(w wdyb Nwb#xb wbtkw Mybrh tk)lm l( rqbmh
wl )cy M)w Mybrh yp l( whdwqpy tyn#h hn#h wl t)lwmbw dxyh y#n) kwtb tyn# hn# wl t)lwm
wtc( yhyw wnwh t) br(lw hrwh+lw +p#mlw hrwtl wyx) Kwtb wnwkt Krsb whbwtky dxyl wbrql lrwgh
w+p#mw dxyl
rq#y r#) #y) Mb )cmy M) Myrbdh yp l( dxy #rdmb Mb w+p#y r#) My+p#mh hl)w
t) bw#y r#)w wmxl ty(ybr t) w#n(nw tx) hn# Mybr trh+ Kwtm whlydbyw (dwy h)whw Nwhb
whynpl bwtkh wh(r~yp t) twrm)b wtym( dwsy t) (w[ ]l Myp) rcwqb rbdw pdw( y#qb wh(r
[ ]h lwk~l( dbknh M#b rbd rwkzy r[ ] xi) hn# #(n iny )wl wdy h(w#[ ]

1Charlesworth reads yhwlgr, a reading that makes no sense to me. It may be a typo. Return
2Charlesworth reads gy#y. Return

Column 7

whlydbhw krbm w) rpsb hrwq h)wh [erasure] wl r#) rbd lwkl~w) hrcm t(bhl w) llq M)w
hn# #n(nw hmh1b rbd rpsb Mynhwkh Nm dx)b M)w dxyh tc( l( dw( bw#y )wlw
w(dmb~sxky r#)w My#dwx h## #n(nw rbd hgg#b M)w Mybr trh+ Nm w#pn l( ldbwmw tx)
tx) hn# #n(nw )h(db wh(r t) +p#m~wlb hxcy r#) #y)hw My#dwx h## #n(nw
M)w My#dwx h## #n(nw w(dmb hymr h#(y w) Mwrmb wh(r t) rbdy r#)w ldbwmw
[erasure]wml#w wdb)l hmrty dxyh Nwhb M)w My#dwx h#wl# #n(nw hmrty wh(rb
w#wrb
My#dwx h## tx) hn#2 h## #n(nw +p#mb )wl r#) wh(rl rw+y r#)w Mwy My## #n(nw wml#l wdy gy#t~)wl M)w
wh(r yiribid kwtb rbdmlw My#dwx h#wl# lbn rbd whypb rbdy r#)w rbd lwk w#pnl Mqwnl Nkw
Mybrh b#wmb r+pnh #y)l Nkw Mymy My#wl# Mybrh b#wmb N#yw bwk#y r#)w Mymy tr#(
M4qw3y M)w Mymy tr#( #n(nw dx) b#wm~l( Mym(p #wl# d( Mnxiw hc(b )wl r#)
My#dwx h## #n(nw #wn) hyh )wlw Mwr( wh(r ynpl Klhy r#)w Mwy My#wl# #n(nw r+pnw
h)whw wdgb txwtm wdy )ycwy r#)w Mwy My#wl# #n(nw Mybrh b#wm kwt~l) qwry r#) #y)w
My#wl# #n(nw wlwq (ym#hl twlkisib q)#y r#)w Mwy My#wl# #n(nw wtwr( ht(rnw xwp
wh(rb lykr kly r#) #y)hw Mymy tr#( #n(nw hb xw#l wlw)m# dy~t) )ycwmhw Mwy
Mt)m h)wh xl#l lykr kly Mybrb #y)w #n(nw Mybrh trh+m tx) hn# whlydbhw
Nwly wh(r l( M)w bw#y )wlw whxl#w dxyh dwsy l( Nwly r#) #y)hw dw( bw#y )wlw
tm)m dwgbl dxyh dwsym wxwr (wzt r#) #y)hw My#dwx h## #n(nw +p#mb )wl r#)
Mybrh trh+b (gy )wlw hnw#rb Myn# yt# #n(nw bw#y m) wbl twryr#b tkllw
t)wlmbw b#y dxyh y#n) lwk rx)w Mybrh hq#m (gy )wl tyn#bw[erasure]
+p#mh l) l)#y rx)w wnwktb btknw whbrqy M)w wyrbd~l( Mybrh wl)#w Mymy Mytn# wl
Myn# r#( t)wlm~l( [erasure] dxyh tc(b hyhy r#) #y) lwk [erasure]
ynpl Mi)cyw dxyb dwgbl whwr~hb#w [erasure]
br([ ]xiyh y#n)m #y)w dw( dxyh tc( l) bw#y )iwil wbl twryr#b tkll Mybrh
[ ]li#l whwmk w+p#m hyhwi Mybrh[ ]#) wnwhb w) wtrh+b wm(

1Charlesworth reads x. In the photo, however, the tittle extending to the left and curling upward from the top stroke is clearly visible; the letter resembles the h at the end of the word much more than the x in dxyh earlier in the line. Return
2tx) hn# is written directly above My#dwx h##. I couldn't figure out how to show this in html. Return
3Charlesworth reads z; given the slant of the letter and its proximity to an erased letter just below the supralinear q, it looks like w to me. It could be either one. Return
4Charlesworth reads wp. The letter(s) is/are written heavily and poorly. I read M based on comparison with this letter at the ends of the lines immediately above and below this one, but Charlesworth's reading is equally possible. Return

Column 8

lwkm hlgnh lwkb Mymymt h#wl# Mynhwkhw #y) r#( Myn# dxyh tc(b
wh(r m) #y) tkl (nchw dsx tbh)w +p#mw hqdcw tm) tw#(l hrwth
+p#m y#w(b Nww( tcrlw hrb#n xwrw kwms rcyb cr)b hnwm) rwm#l
l)r#yb hl) twyhb t(h Nwktbw tm)h tdmb lwk m( klhthlw prcm trcw
#dwq dym1w l)r#yl #dwq tyb Mlw( t(+ml tm)b dxyh tc( hnwkw
b#hlw cr)h d(b rpkl Nwcr yryxbw +p#ml tm) yd( Nwrh)l My#dwq
lb rqy tnp Nxbh tmwx h)yh Mlwmg My(#rl
My#dwq #dwq Nw(m MmwqM3m w#yxy lbw whytw dnsy2 w(z(dzy
l)r#yb tm)w Mymt tybw xwxyn xwr byrqlw +p#m tyrbl Mlwk td(b Nwrh)l

hlw( Ny)w[ ] h(#r +p#m cwrxlw cr)h t(b wrpkl Nwcrl wyhwKrd Mymtb Mymy Mytn# dxyh dwsyb hl) Nwkhb Mlw( twqwxl tyrb Mqhl
#y)l w)cmnw l)r#ym rtsn rbd lwkw dxyh y#n) tc( kwtb #dwq wldby
l)r#ybdxyl hl) twyhbw hgwsn xwr t)rym hl)m whrtsy l) #rwdh
hl)h Mynwktb
)h)wh krd t) M# twnpl rbdml tkll lw(h y#nh b#wm Kwtimi wldby
wnyhwl)l hlsm hdr(b wr#yi @ @ @ @ krd yinipi rbdmb bwtk r#)k
t(b t( hlgnh lwkk tw#(l h#wm dyb hwc[ ]hrwth #rdm h)yh
tyrb dxyh y#n)m #y) lwkw w#dwq xwrb My)ybnh wlg r#)kw
#dwqh y#n) trh+b (gy l) hmr dyb rbd hwcmh lwkm rwsy r#) dxyh
whbrqw krd Mymtb klhl lw( lwkm wy#(m wkzy r#) d( Mtc( lwkb (dy l)w
dxyl pswnh lwkl hzh +p#mkw wnwktb btky rx)w Mybrh yp l( hc(b
wh(r t) #y) #dwq Mymth y#n) Mb wkly r#) My+p#mh hl)w
hmhm #y) lwk hwc r#)k krd Mymtb Myklwhh #dwqh tc(b )bh lwk
dxyh tc(m whxl#y hymrb~w) hmr dyb h#wm trwtm rbd rb(y r#)
lwkl wtc( M(w wnwhb #dwqh y#n)m #y) br(ty )wlw dw( bw#y )wlw
+p#mh w#rdw hc(h Nmw hrh+h Nm ldbwhy h#(y hgg#b M)w rbd
wkrd Mtt~m) Mymy Mytn# hc( lwk l( l)#y )wlw #y) +wp#y )wl #y)
Mytn# wl t)lwm~d( dw( gg# )wl m) M[ ]li[ ]hc(bw #rdmb b#wmb
Mymy

1Charlesworth reads s. The two letters are frequently difficult to distinguish in this column. Return
2Charlesworth reads dwsy, but the letter has a distinct leftward stroke on the bottom to form a nun. Return
3Charlesworth reads m, the non-final form, but the shape of the letter is clearly more consistent with M, the final form, and appears to be a simple scribal error. Return

Column 9

ggw# k) dw( bw#y )wl hmri dyb h#w(lw Mytn# #n(y tx) hgg#[ ]l( )yk
#dwq wnwktb bwtky rx)w Miybrh yp l( wtc(w wkrd Mymtl Mymy Mytn# Nhby
tm)l #dwq xwr dwsyl hl)h Mynwkth lwkk l)r#yb hl) twyhb
tmwrtw~xbz yblxmw twlw( r#bm cr)l Nwcrlw t)+x l(mw (#p tm#) l( rpkl Mlw(
y#n) lwdby h)yhh t(b Nwcr txnm tbdnk krd Mymtw qdc xwxynk +p#ml Mytb#1
Mymtb Myklwhh l)r#yl dxy tybiw My#dwq #dwq dxyhl Nwrh)l #dwq tyb dxyh
dxyh y#n) Nwkt lwkl lrwghw )cy Mhyp l(w Nwhbw +p#mb wl#my Nwrh) ynb qr
r#) hymrh y#n) Nwh m( Mwhi br(ty l) Mymtb Myklwhh #dwqh y#n) Nwhw
tkll w)cy )wl hrwth tc( lwkmiw krd Mymtb tkllw lw(m ldbhl Mkrd wbzh2 )wl
Mb rsytl dxyh y#n) wlxh r#) Mynw#rh My+p#mb w+p#nw Mbl twryr# lwkb
l)r#yw Nwrh) xy#mw )ybn )wb d(

#y)w #y) lq#mlw t(b t( Nyktl yx lwk M( Mb klhthl lyk#ml Myqwxh hl)
t)w Myt(h ypl )cmnh lk#h lwk t) dwmlw t(b t(l hlgnh lwkk l) Nwcr t) tw#(l
yp l( qyzxhl t(h yrwxbbw Myxwr3 ypl[ ]qwdch ynb lwq#lw lydbhl t(h qwx
wlk# yplw wbrql wypk dwbk #y)w w+p#m tw#(l Nk wxwrk #y)w hwc r#)k wnwcr
tx#h y#n) m( bbwrthlw xykwhl )wl r#)w wt)n# M( wtbh) Nkw w#yghl
wrxybl qdc +p#mw tm) t(d xykwhlw lw(h y#n) kwtb hrwth tc( t) rtslw
Kwtb tm)w )lp yzrb Mlyk#hl Nkw h(db MMiwxnhl t(h Nwktk wxwrk #y) krd
Krdh twnp t( h)yh Mhl hlgnh lwkb wh(r t) #y) Mymt klhl dxyh y#n)
wkrd rsh )wlw #y) lwkm ldbhw t)wzh t(b tw#(l )cmnh lwk lyk#hlw rbdml
Mlw( t)n# wt)n# M( wtbh)l hl)h Myt(b lyk#ml krdh ynwkt hl)w lw( lwkm
ynpl hwn(w wb l#wml rb(k Mypk lm(w Nwh wml bwz(l rtsh xwrb tx# y#n) M(
Mypk xl#m lwkb Nwcr tw#(l Mqn Mwyl wt(w4 qwxl )nqm #y) twyhlw wb hdwrh
cpxy wl l) Nwcr tlwzw hbdnb hcry wb h#(nh lwkw hwc r#)k wl#mm lwkbw
dymt hpcy l) +pi#imili[ ]wc )wl r#) lwkb hw)ty )wlw hcry whyp yrm) li[ ]
wnkrbw5 Mytp# [ ]siy hyhy r#) lwkbw wy#w( Krby hti[ ]

1Charlesworth reads Mytp#. Return
2The third letter is difficult to decipher, and may be either a b or a k. Cf. Charlesworth. Return
3Charlesworth reads Mwxwr. Return
4Charlesworth reads yt(w. Return
5Charlesworth reads wnkrby. Return

Column 10

ty#rb wqwx Nw(m l( wps)hbw wtpwqt m( rw) tl#mm ty#rb )qqx r#) Mycq M(
(ypw)b rw) ynpm wps)h M( wtpwqtbw i tl( wht#yw wrcw) xtpy )yk K#wx yrwm#)
M( Mtpwqt dxri1 #dwx ymyl Myd(wm )wbmb dwbK Nw(ml Mps)h M( #dwq lwbzm twrw)m
y#)rl Mlw( wydsx xtpml n tw)w My#dwq #dwql lwdg Mwy M#dxthb hzl~hz Mtwirsm
Mhyd(wmb Nwrkizl Mnwktb #dwq ymyw Myd(wml Myxry ty#rb hyhn cq lwkb Myd(wm
qwx Ml#hb Mhyd(wm tpwqdbw Myn# y#)rb d(l twrx qwxk wnkrbh Mytp# tmwrt
Mhy(w#l Myn# yd(wm )#d d(wml (rzi d(wmw cyql rycq d(wm hzl hz w+p#m mwy Mnwkt
ytp# tnmw hlht~yrpl ynw#lb twrx qwx ytwyh lwkbw rwrd d(wml Mhy(wb# #wrbw
w+p#m wqb )#) ytp# lylxw w#dwq Nwktl ylbn rwnkw l) dwbkl ytnygn lwkw t(db hrm z)
My#) Mtwhbw wyqwx rm) rqwbw br( )cwm M(w l) tyrbb h)wrb) hlylw Mwy )wbm M(
yqdc rmw) l)lw twrx qwxk yny( dgnl y(#pw ytww(nk xykw) w+p#mw bw# ytlbl ylwbg
r#)k hrxbh Mlw( tr)ptl lwk trwbgw dwbk Mwr #dwq Nw(mw t(d rwqm ybw+ Nykm Nwyl(lw
)wbw t)c ty#)rb wm# krb) ylgrw ydy xl#m ty#)rb yn+pw#y r#)k hcr)w ynrwy
My#n) tkr(mm2 ytp# )cwm tmwrt wnkrb)w wl~hnnr) y(wcy bk#m M(w Mwqw tb#l
hqwb M( hrc Nykmbw hmy)w dxp ty#rb lbt tbwnt ynd(k N#dhl ydy Myr) Mr+bw
+p#m wdyb )yk h(d)w Mwyh lwk N(#) wydsx l(w xxw#) wtrwgbw hdwm )lphb wnkrb)
lwmb #y)l by#) )wl dxy hnnr) wt(w#ybw wnllh) hrc xtphbw wy#(m lwk tm)w yx lwk
xwrb )nq) )wl wlwmg #y)l Ml#y h)whw yx lwk +p#m l) t) )yk rbg pdr) bw+b (rw
Mxr) )wlw (#p yb#l p)b rw+) )wl +p#m Nwkh d( hcr) )wlw hlw( y#n)m by#)
ypb (m#y )wlw ybblb rwm#) )wl l(iyi lbw Mkrd Mytd(3 My)knb Mxn) )wl krd yrrws lwk l(
Mwc wq#w ynw#lb #dwq yrpw ytp#b w)cmy )wl Mybzkw twmrmw Nww( #xkw twlbn
Mytd( My#n) l(mw dymt ynw#l rpst l) twqdcw yp xtp) twdwhb hb )cmy )wl
t(d rptis)4 hy#wt tc(b ybl t(dm twltpnw twdn ytp#m twb#) Myqr M(#p
hqil[ ]l) tqcl zw( +p#mw Mynm) rwm#l kwms lwbg hdi[ ]bw#) t(d tmr(bw
] hmnl Mydy qwzxw My(nkwnl dsx tbh) qd[ ]w Myt( wqb qwx

1Charlesworth reads the first letter as y, but the distinctive curvature at the top, as well as the hook on the top left that distinguishes r, appear to be very clear in the photo. Nevertheless, both readings are questionable. Return
2Charlesworth reads the first letter as b without a footnote. However, in the photo it appears that the letter has been corrected to m. It is possible that the correction has gone the other way though, i.e. m -->b. Without examining the actual document it is not possible to tell. Return
3Charlesworth reads this as two words, Mwt d(. There is no break between the words in the manuscript, and in this document waw and yod are consistently written identically. Hence, it is difficult to tell which reading is correct. However, the same sequence appears in line 23 without a word break. This repetition leads me to believe that the scribe intended it to be one word. I admit, though, that the question is an open one. Return
4The manuscript has the dot under t and the p is written directly above the t. Return

Column 11

y#n)l hrb#n xwrbw xwr ymr dgnl hwn( by#hlw xqlb Mynkwr lyk#hlw hnyb xwr y(wtl
ybbl rw#y m( ykrd Mwt wdybw y+p#m l)l yn) )yk Nwh ynqmw Nw) yrbdmw (bc) yxlw# h+m
zrb ybbl trw)w yny( h+ybh wytw)lpnbw yrw) xtp yt(d rwqmm )yk y(#p xmy ytwqdcbw
h)yh l) tm) )yk (rz( dzy )wl lwk ynpm ym(p krd zw( (lsb ynymy N(#m Mlw( )ywhw hyhn
Mlw( )ywhb w)lp yzrm ybblb rw) y+p#m ytqdc rwqmmw ynymy tn(#m wtrwbgw ym(p (ls1
hwqmw hqdc rwqm Md) ynbm hmr( tmzmw h(d #wn)m hrtsn r#) hy#wt yny( h+yth
lrwgb Mlyxnyw Mlw( tzxw)l mntn l) rhb2r#)l r#b dwsm dwbk Ny(m m( hrwbg
lwk m( Mlw( t(+ml #dwq tynbm dwsy dxy tc(l Mdws rbx Mym# ynb M(w My#wdq
ybbl tww(n M( yt)+x y(#p ytynww( lw( r#b dwslw h(r Md)l yn)w hyhn cyq3
wdymw +p#mh l)l )yk wd(c Nyky )wl #wn)w wkrd Md)l )yk K#wx yKlwhw hmr dwsl
M) yn)w h#(y )wl wyd(lbmw wnyky ytb#xmb hywh lwKw lwk hyhn wt(dbw krdh Mwti
Myxcnl dwm(t l) tqdcb y+p#m r#b Nww(b lw#k) M)w d(l yt(w#y l) ydsx +wm)
)yby wydsxbw yn#ygh wymxrb ym(p krdl Nkyw y#pn clxy tx#mw ytrc xtpy M)w
tdnm ynrh+y wtiqdcbw ytwnww( lwk d(b rpky wbw+ bwrbw wn+p# wtm) tqdcb y+ip#mi
h(dl xtwph yl) ht) Kwrb wtr)pt Nwyl(lw wqdc l)l twdwhl Md) ynb t)+xw #wn)
bcythl Md) yryxbl htycr r#)k hktm) nbl Mqhw wy#(m lwk qdcb Nkh hkdb( bli
htyrwh ht) lwk h#(y )wl hknwcr wlbw krd Mtt )wl hkyd(lbm )yk d(l hkynpl
lyk#hlw hktc( l( by#hl hktlwz rx) Ny)w hyh hknwcrib hyhnh lwkw h(d lwk
xyk M( hkytw)lpn lwkb Nnwbthlw hkyzr qmw(b +ybhlw hk#dwq tb#xm lwkb
hk)lp y#(mb Md)h Nb h)wh p) hmw hkdwbk t) lykhl lwky ymw hktrwbg
qwrycm h)whw wrwdm hmr Mxlw wlbgm rp(m h)whw hkynpl b#y hm h#) dwlyw
Nyby hm tc(lw dy rcwyw rmx by#y hm wtqw#t rp(lw crwq dsx

1s is Charlesworth's reading; in the photo, the letter is so distorted as to be unreadable. Return
2Charlesworth reads rxb, which actually makes more sense. But the middle letter appears to have the tittle on the left end of the top bar, extending beyond the left leg. The entire letter is fairly distorted, and could go either way. Return
3Charlesworth omits the y. There appears to be a large ink dot between the q and the c that is fairly consistent with several yods in this part of the document. Return


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