Acts 7

7 And the high priest asked [Stephen], Are these charges true?

2 And he answered, Brethren and fathers, listen to me! The God of glory appeared to our forefather Abraham when he was still in Mesopotamia, before he [went to] live in Haran,(A)

3 And He said to him, Leave your own country and your relatives and come into the land (region) that I will point out to you.(B)

4 So then he went forth from the land of the Chaldeans and settled in Haran. And from there, after his father died, [God] transferred him to this country in which you are now dwelling.(C)

5 Yet He gave him no inheritable property in it, [no] not even enough ground to set his foot on; but He promised that He would give it to Him for a [a]permanent possession and to his descendants after him, even though [as yet] he had no child.(D)

6 And this is [in effect] what God told him: That his descendants would be aliens (strangers) in a land belonging to other people, who would bring them into bondage and ill-treat them 400 years.

7 But I will judge the nation to whom they will be slaves, said God, and after that they will escape and come forth and worship Me in this [very] place.(E)

8 And [God] made with Abraham a covenant (an agreement to be religiously observed) [b]of which circumcision was the seal. And under these circumstances [Abraham] became the father of Isaac and circumcised him on the eighth day; and Isaac [did so] when he became the father of Jacob, and Jacob [when each of his sons was born], the twelve patriarchs.(F)

9 And the patriarchs [Jacob’s sons], boiling with envy and hatred and anger, sold Joseph into slavery in Egypt; but God was with him,(G)

10 And delivered him from all his distressing afflictions and won him goodwill and favor and wisdom and understanding in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made him governor over Egypt and all his house.(H)

11 Then there came a famine over all of Egypt and Canaan, with great distress, and our forefathers could find no fodder [for the cattle] or vegetable sustenance [for their households].(I)

12 But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent forth our forefathers [to go there on their] first trip.(J)

13 And on their second visit Joseph revealed himself to his brothers, and the family of Joseph became known to Pharaoh and his origin and race.(K)

14 And Joseph sent an invitation calling to himself Jacob his father and all his kindred, seventy-five persons in all.(L)

15 And Jacob went down into Egypt, where he himself died, as did [also] our forefathers;(M)

16 And their [c]bodies [Jacob’s and Joseph’s] were taken back to Shechem and laid in the tomb which Abraham had purchased for a sum of [silver] money from the sons of Hamor in Shechem.(N)

17 But as the time for the fulfillment of the promise drew near which God had made to Abraham, the [Hebrew] people increased and multiplied in Egypt,

18 Until [the time when] there arose over Egypt another and a different king who did not know Joseph [neither knowing his history and services nor recognizing his merits].(O)

19 He dealt treacherously with and defrauded our race; he abused and oppressed our forefathers, forcing them to expose their babies so that they might not be kept alive.(P)

20 At this juncture Moses was born, and was exceedingly beautiful in God’s sight. For three months he was nurtured in his father’s house;(Q)

21 Then when he was exposed [to perish], the daughter of Pharaoh rescued him and took him and reared him as her own son.(R)

22 So Moses was educated in all the wisdom and culture of the Egyptians, and he was mighty (powerful) in his speech and deeds.

23 And when he was in his fortieth year, it came into his heart to visit his kinsmen the children of Israel [[d]to help them and to care for them].

24 And on seeing one of them being unjustly treated, he defended the oppressed man and avenged him by striking down the Egyptian and slaying [him].

25 He expected his brethren to understand that God was granting them deliverance by his hand [taking it for granted that they would accept him]; but they did not understand.

26 Then on the next day he [e]suddenly appeared to some who were quarreling and fighting among themselves, and he urged them to make peace and become reconciled, saying, Men, you are brethren; why do you abuse and wrong one another?

27 Whereupon the man who was abusing his neighbor pushed [Moses] aside, saying, Who appointed you a ruler (umpire) and a judge over us?

28 Do you intend to slay me as you slew the Egyptian yesterday?

29 At that reply Moses sought safety by flight and he was an exile and an alien in the country of Midian, where he became the father of two sons.(S)

30 And when forty years had gone by, there appeared to him in the wilderness (desert) of Mount Sinai an angel, in the flame of a burning bramblebush.

31 When Moses saw it, he was astonished and marveled at the sight; but when he went close to investigate, there came to him the voice of the Lord, saying,

32 I am the God of your forefathers, the God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob. And Moses trembled and was so terrified that he did not venture to look.

33 Then the Lord said to him, Remove the sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy ground and worthy of veneration.

34 Because I have most assuredly seen the abuse and oppression of My people in Egypt and have heard their sighing and groaning, I have come down to rescue them. So, now come! I will send you back to Egypt [as My messenger].(T)

35 It was this very Moses whom they had denied (disowned and rejected), saying, Who made you our ruler (referee) and judge? whom God sent to be a ruler and deliverer and redeemer, by and with the [protecting and helping] hand of the Angel that appeared to him in the bramblebush.(U)

36 He it was who led them forth, having worked wonders and signs in Egypt and at the Red Sea and during the forty years in the wilderness (desert).(V)

37 It was this [very] Moses who said to the children of Israel, God will raise up for you a Prophet from among your brethren as He raised me up.(W)

38 This is he who in the assembly in the wilderness (desert) was the go-between for the Angel who spoke to him on Mount Sinai and our forefathers, and he received living oracles (words that still live) to be handed down to us.(X)

39 [And yet] our forefathers determined not to be subject to him [refusing to listen to or obey him]; but thrusting him aside they rejected him, and in their hearts yearned for and turned back to Egypt.(Y)

40 And they said to Aaron, Make us gods who shall [be our leaders and] go before us; as for this Moses who led us forth from the land of Egypt—we have no knowledge of what has happened to him.(Z)

41 And they [even] made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice to the idol and made merry and exulted in the work of their [own] hands.(AA)

42 But God turned [away from them] and delivered them up to worship and serve the host (stars) of heaven, as it is written in the book of the prophets: Did you [really] offer to Me slain beasts and sacrifices for forty years in the wilderness (desert), O house of Israel?(AB)

43 [No!] You took up the tent (the portable temple) of Moloch and carried it [with you], and the star of the god Rephan, the images which you [yourselves] made that you might worship them; and I will remove you [carrying you away into exile] beyond Babylon.(AC)

44 Our forefathers had the tent (tabernacle) of witness in the wilderness, even as He Who directed Moses to make it had ordered, according to the pattern and model he had seen.(AD)

45 Our forefathers in turn brought it [this tent of witness] in [with them into the land] with Joshua when they dispossessed the nations which God drove out before the face of our forefathers. [So it remained here] until the time of David,(AE)

46 Who found grace (favor and spiritual blessing) in the sight of God and prayed that he might be allowed to find a dwelling place for the God of Jacob.(AF)

47 But it was Solomon who built a house for Him.(AG)

48 However, the Most High does not dwell in houses and temples made with hands; as the prophet says,(AH)

49 Heaven [is] My throne, and earth the footstool for My feet. What [kind of] house can you build for Me, says the Lord, or what is the place in which I can rest?

50 Was it not My hand that made all these things?(AI)

51 You stubborn and stiff-necked people, still heathen and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you are always [f]actively resisting the Holy Spirit. As your forefathers [were], so you [are and so you do]!(AJ)

52 Which of the prophets did your forefathers not persecute? And they slew those who proclaimed beforehand the coming of the Righteous One, Whom you now have betrayed and murdered—

53 You who received the Law as it was ordained and set in order and delivered by angels, and [yet] you did not obey it!

54 Now upon hearing these things, they [the Jews] were cut to the heart and infuriated, and they ground their teeth against [Stephen].

55 But he, full of the Holy Spirit and controlled by Him, gazed into heaven and saw the glory (the splendor and majesty) of God, and Jesus standing at God’s right hand;

56 And he said, Look! I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing at God’s right hand!

57 But they raised a great shout and put their hands over their ears and rushed together upon him.

58 Then they dragged him out of the city and began to stone him, and the witnesses placed their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul.(AK)

59 And while they were stoning Stephen, he prayed, Lord Jesus, receive and accept and welcome my spirit!

60 And falling on his knees, he cried out loudly, Lord, fix not this sin upon them [lay it not to their charge]! And when he had said this, he fell asleep [g][in death].


  1. Acts 7:5 Marvin Vincent, Word Studies.
  2. Acts 7:8 Marvin Vincent, Word Studies.
  3. Acts 7:16 Stephen greatly compresses Old Testament accounts of two land purchases and two burial places (at Hebron and Shechem). See Gen. 23:17-18 and Gen. 33:19.
  4. Acts 7:23 G. Abbott-Smith, Manual Greek Lexicon.
  5. Acts 7:26 Marvin Vincent, Word Studies.
  6. Acts 7:51 Marvin Vincent, Word Studies.
  7. Acts 7:60 Hermann Cremer, Biblico-Theological Lexicon of New Testament Greek.

Cross references

  1. Acts 7:2 : Gen. 11:31; 15:7; Ps. 29:3.
  2. Acts 7:3 : Gen. 12:1.
  3. Acts 7:4 : Gen. 11:31; 12:5; 15:7.
  4. Acts 7:5 : Gen. 12:7; 17:8; Deut. 2:5.
  5. Acts 7:7 : Gen. 15:13, 14; Exod. 3:12.
  6. Acts 7:8 : Gen. 17:10-14; 21:2-4; 25:26; 29:31-35; 30:1-24; 35:16-26.
  7. Acts 7:9 : Gen. 37:11, 28; 45:4.
  8. Acts 7:10 : Gen. 39:2, 3, 21; 41:40-46; Ps. 105:21.
  9. Acts 7:11 : Gen. 41:54, 55; 42:5.
  10. Acts 7:12 : Gen. 42:2.
  11. Acts 7:13 : Gen. 45:1-4.
  12. Acts 7:14 : Gen. 45:9, 10.
  13. Acts 7:15 : Deut. 10:22.
  14. Acts 7:16 : Gen. 50:13; Josh. 24:32.
  15. Acts 7:18 : Exod. 1:7, 8.
  16. Acts 7:19 : Exod. 1:7-11, 15-22.
  17. Acts 7:20 : Exod. 2:2.
  18. Acts 7:21 : Exod. 2:5, 6, 10.
  19. Acts 7:29 : Exod. 2:11-15, 22; 18:3, 4.
  20. Acts 7:34 : Exod. 3:1-10.
  21. Acts 7:35 : Exod. 2:14.
  22. Acts 7:36 : Exod. 7:3; 14:21; Num. 14:33.
  23. Acts 7:37 : Deut. 18:15, 18.
  24. Acts 7:38 : Exod. 19.
  25. Acts 7:39 : Num. 14:3, 4.
  26. Acts 7:40 : Exod. 32:1, 23.
  27. Acts 7:41 : Exod. 32:4, 6.
  28. Acts 7:42 : Jer. 19:13.
  29. Acts 7:43 : Amos 5:25-27.
  30. Acts 7:44 : Exod. 25:9-40.
  31. Acts 7:45 : Deut. 32:49; Josh. 3:14-17.
  32. Acts 7:46 : II Sam. 7:8-16; Ps. 132:1-5.
  33. Acts 7:47 : I Kings 6.
  34. Acts 7:48 : Isa. 66:1, 2.
  35. Acts 7:50 : Isa. 66:1, 2.
  36. Acts 7:51 : Exod. 33:3, 5; Num. 27:14; Isa. 63:10; Jer. 6:10; 9:26.
  37. Acts 7:58 : Acts 22:20.

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